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Glossary

1

10 BIT Signal processing

With full 10 bit signal processing, colours in a larger pallet can be represented and illustrated with more precise processes.

100Hz

This provides a picture with 100 frames per second (double the conventional 50 frames per second) by supplementing the picture from the preceding and following scenes using Sharp’s unique algorithm to provide smoother motion.

1080i

HDTV picture signal with 1920 x 1080 pixels and "interlaced" representation.

1080p / Full-HD

1080p (progressive) is at present the highest HDTV resolution with 1920 x 1080 pixels.

16:9

Cinema format aspect ratio of widescreen displays.

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2

24P Cinema Input

The 24p format is the native rate used for movie source material shot at 24 frames per second. With 24p material input from a Blu-ray Player, the AQUOS can produce the unaltered cinema image just as it was intended.

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4

4:3

Frequently used width-to-height ratio for computer and TV screens. This ratio is increasingly being replaced by the 16:9 widescreen ratio, which is mainly used in the new HDTV formats. With 16:9 screens, films produced in widescreen format are shown without disruptive black bars (“letterbox bars”) at the top and bottom of the screen.

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5

5.1

A surround sound speaker configuration with five speakers (left, centre, right, surround left, surround right) plus a Subwoofer.

50/60Hz

The unit "Hertz" (Hz) indicates the picture frequency. In Europe we usually have 50 frames per second, in the USA and in Japan 60.

576p

Many displays can represent PAL signals with 768 x to 576 pixels "progressive". The mode 576p does not rank however among the requirements of the HD-ready specification.

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6

6.1

Surround sound speaker configuration, which works with an additional surround box at the centre rear meaning speakers are set up on the left, centre, right, surround left, surround right, and rear centre, plus a Subwoofer.

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7

7.1

Surround sound speaker configuration, which works with an additional two surround boxes at the rear meaning speakers are set up on the left, centre, right, surround left, surround right, rear left, and rear right, plus a Subwoofer.

720p

HDTV picture signal with 1280 x 720 pixels and progressive representation.

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A

AACS

The copy protection procedure "Advanced ACCESS content system" used for blu ray and HDDVD disks.

AFD

Active Format Descriptor. A digital video signal may contain an Active Format Descriptor which includes extra information about the aspect ratio of the program. It allows the broadcaster to specify how the program is best displayed, especially in the case of a widescreen program on 4:3 TVs. See also WSS

Analogue TV

Analogue signals vary continuously, representing fluctuations in colour and brightness. NTSC is used predominantly in the USA and Japan. Secam in France, Hungary & Russia. PAL in UK and rest of Europe.

Annual energy consumption (kWh/ year)

Energy consumption "XYZ" kWh per year, based on standard test results for 24 hours. Actual energy consumption will depend on how the appliance is used and where located.

Annual energy consumption (kWh/ year)

Energy consumption "XYZ" kWh per year, based on standard test results for 24 hours. Actual energy consumption will depend on how the appliance is used and where located.

Applicable floor surface area m²

The target floor surface area for which an emitted airborne ion density of about 25000 ions/cm3 can be measured at a point near the center of the room (at a height of about 1,2 m from the floor), during operation at the High mode when the main unit is placed near a wall.

Applicable interior volume m3 (approx.)

Space corresdonding to a cabin measuring 1,5 (width) x 2,4 (depth) x 1,0 (height) meters. The applicable interior volume is a measure of the volume in which Plasmacluster ion density of 25000ions/ cm3 emitted into the air can be measured at a point at a height of about 0,5 meters above the floor near the center of the space when this product is placed in a location assumed to be the cup holder beside the driver's seat and operated at the high airstream setting.

AQUOS LINK

By connecting an AQUOS unit and a Sharp Blu-ray Disc player using an HDMI cable, the player can easily be operated using the AQUOS remote control.

Artifacts

Image interferences such as pixel logs or outlines, which can emerge with compression procedures such as MPEG-2 after decoding.

Aspect ratio

The aspect ratio of a TV describes the shape of the screen and specifically the ratio of an image width to height. Television screens are usually 4:3 or 16:9 widescreen.

ASV-Black-TFT-LCD-Panel

Advanced Super View panel. With ASV panels, large points of view from all directions are possible. Colours and contrast remain particularly stable

Automatic Volume Control

Broadcasters frequently transmit adverts with volume levels set higher than the volume level assigned to the programmes. Automatic Volume Control reduces the volume during the advert breaks to the same level as the programme being watched.

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B

Backlight type

A backlight is a form of illumination used in liquid crystal displays (LCDs). As LCDs do not produce light themselves they need backlight illumination to produce a visible image.Older LCD TVs used CCFL fluorescent lamps but the newer types use LED backlights. These enable precise brightness control and high speed response, thus providing breathtaking picture quality in ultra high contrast. LEDs also provide the industry's lowest power consumption in combination with the X-Gen panel. Moreover, as an LED backlight system contains no Mercury, it is more environmentally friendly than conventional backlight systems.

Bandwidth

A range of frequencies used to transmit information such as picture and sound. For TV broadcasters, the FCC has allocated 6Mhz for each channel. For DTV, the maximum bit rate within the bandwidth is 19.4Mbps, which is one HDTV channel.

BD-Live

BD-Live is a standard for Blu-ray players that utilizes your internet connection and allows you to download additional content for your BD-Live movie such as movie trailors and interactive content.

BD-R

Blu-ray Disc Recordable - A BD-R disc can be recorded once, and cannot be accidentally erased.

BD-RE

Blu-ray Disc Rewritable - A BD RE disc can be recorded over and over again.

BIT

In computer and digital terminology a bit is the smallest unit of data. It is expressed in binary notation so that it is either 0 or 1 - basically "'off' or 'on'. The word 'bit' is an amalgam of 'binary' and 'digit'.

Bitrates

Speed at which audio data travels per second.

Blu-ray

Blu-ray Disc is a new generation optical disc storage media format. While it has the same 12cm diameter as a CD or DVD, a Blu-ray Disc has up to ten times the information capacity of a DVD with approximately 25 GB on a single-layer disc and 50GB on a dual-layer disc making them ideal for HD movies.

Blue Angel

The Blue Angel is a test certificate awarded since 1978 for products and services that are judged to be particularly environment-friendly. In 2009 alone, 15 models from the Sharp range of multifunction systems (MFPs) received this oldest environmental seal of approval in the world.

BonusView

Optional features can be accessed by playing a Blu-ray Disc that is compatible with BONUSVIEW (a.k.a. Profile 1.1). For example, on a sub-screen you can see an outline of the film scene you are viewing or watch video on the making of that scene while the film is playing on the main screen

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C

CA card or CAM

Conditional Access Module. A CAM is a small piece of electronics, a little larger than a credit card, which contains a card reader and associated electronics. CAMs are used to provide decoding functions to digital TV receivers and fit into a CI slot. This means you can purchase an appropriate CAM , for example TopUp TV to view additional subscription only channels.

Candela

Unit for the luminosity of a display or a projector. Candela numbers are difficult to compare - a more useful unit is "lumen".

CCFL

Cold Cathode Fluorescent Lamp, which is a type of backlight used in LCD TVs. As LCDs do not produce light themselves they need backlight illumination to produce a visible image.Older LCD TVs used CCFL backlights but the newer types use LED backlights.

CDDB

Compact Disc Database.This is a database for software applications to look up audio CD information over the Internet.

Central Power Switch

The central power switch fully disconnects the LCD TV from the mains supply after use, thereby contributing significantly to energy saving.

Chasing playback

This function lets you playback and view a programme while it is being recorded onto HDD.

Chrominance

Technical name for the part of the signal that carries the colour information (Red, Green & Blue).

CI

Common Interface. All digital TVs in Europe are required to have a CI slot. CI slots are mostly used to provide access to encrypted programmes, via a CAM and subscription card, but can also be used for other functions. For example, some integrated digital TVs can have their software upgraded via a module plugged into their CI slots. See CA CARD.

Clear flat speaker

Gives a better sound quality without the need of a deep rear baffle thus giving superb sound and a thinner profile.

Climate class

climate class SN: This appliance is intended to be used at an ambient temperature between +10°C (lowest tempearature) and +32°C (highest temperature).

climate class N: This appliance is intended to be used at an ambient temperature between +16°C (lowest tempearature) and +32°C (highest temperature).

climate class ST: This appliance is intended to be used at an ambient temperature between +16°C (lowest tempearature) and +38°C (highest temperature).

climate class T: This appliance is intended to be used at an ambient temperature between +16°C (lowest tempearature) and +43°C (highest temperature).

CODEC

Short for Compression/Decompression - A system of rules to transform a file.

Comb Filter

Component in televisions that separates the colour and the enhancing detail.

Componenet video

Component Video is a connection method used for delivering high quality video images.It delivers the images in a format that contains all the components of the image. These components are known as Y/Pb/Pr for analogue and Y/Cb/Cr for digital. It is considered by some as the second best available connection for DVD Video pictures, behind HDMI and an improvement over SCART or Composite video.

Composite video

Also known as Phono Audio/Video, RCA, Cinch, Phone (RCA) Jack. The lowest quality cable for a video source.

Compression

A method of electronically reducing the number of bits required to store or transmit data within a specified time or space.

Contrast ratio

The difference between the blackest blacks and the whitest whites the TV can produce and how much greyscale gradient is available. The higher the contrast rate the better.

Contrast Value

The difference between the blackest blacks and the whitest whites the TV can produce and how much greyscale gradient is available. The higher the contrast rate the better. See also Dynamic Contrast Ratio.

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D

DAB

Digital Audio Broadcasting is a system used to broadcast radio programmes. In addition to the actual audio information (speech and music), the system is able to transmit graphic images and text information at a low transmission rate.

DAC

D/A Converter - Conversation of digital to analogue signals. In order for conventional television technology to display transmitted TV data, the data must be decoded first and then converted back to an analogue signal.

DCE

Dynamic Contrast Enhancement. This is an Aquos LCD TV feature which automatically enhances the contrast.

Digital TV switchover

Starting in 2008 and ending in 2012, the Digital Switchover is the name given to the UK's transition from analogue to digital. All TV services in the UK will go completely digital, TV region by TV region. The UK’s old television broadcast signal (known as “analogue”) is being switched off and replaced with a “digital” signal. Any TV set that’s not converted to digital when the switchover takes place will no longer receive TV programmes

DivX HD

Codec for playback from USB memory of DivX HD video on devices certified for DivX HD to deliver high-quality content on a large TV screen.

DivX SD

Codec for playback of DivX video in standard definition.

DLNA

The Digital Living Network Alliance (DLNA) is a non-profit collaborative trade organization comprised of companies in the mobile, consumer electronics, PC, and service provider industries. The Alliance has a common goal of using standards-based technology to make it easier for consumers to use, share and enjoy their digital photos, music and videos.

DNR

Digital Noise Reduction. This feature is designed to reduce picture grain.

Dolby Digital

This procedure transfers multi-channel (means ambient sound) sound signals using data compression. Up to seven channels plus an additional low bass channel (7.1) are transportable via Dolby Digital, for example on DVD.

Dolby Digital Plus

Dolby Digital Plus was developed from the earlier Dolby Digital to enhance the quality of sound and functionality. It can support increased bitrates at high quality with more audio channels to provide superior surround sound entertainment for digital high-definition TV broadcasts, optical disc media and online content.

Dolby Pro-Logic

Ambient sound is not only possible in digital tone (see dolby digital). Even analogue stereo audio tracks can broadcasted. To arrange the ambient sound of analogue TV broadcastings or out of a video to five or more speakers the amplifier needs a ProLogic

Dolby True HD

Dolby True HD is an advanced lossless multi-channel audio codec intended primarily for high-definition home-entertainment equipment, such as Blu-ray Disc.

Dolby Virtual Surround

Lets you enjoy surround audio via analogue connection with a stereo (2 channel) TV or audio equipment.

Downconvert

Is a term used to describe the format conversion from a higher resolution input signal number to a lower display number, such as 1080i input to 480i display.

DRM

Digital Rights Management - Allows digital content to be distributed securely on CD-ROMS, DVD-ROMS, peer to peer networks, enterprise networks, enterprise networks and the internet.

DTR

DTR ( Digital Televison Recorder), also know as a PVR. Essentially, a DTR is an STB ( set top box) that incorporates a hard disk recording system, enabling the user to record, pause and rewind live TV programmes. The user is also able to set the box to record every episode in a series, pause live TV or go back and see the bits they missed.

DTS

Digital Theatre System. An alternative to Dolby Digital, DTS encodes six-channel digital surround sound and is used in some cinemas and on some DVDs.

DTS-HD Master Audio Essential

DTS-HD Master Audio Essential provides the same playback quality as DTS-HD Master Audio stored on a Blu-ray Disc but for standard discs it does not support DTS 96/24, DTS ES, ES Matrix, or DTS NEO 6. However it is possible to decode these streams from HDMI if the AV receiver supports these codecs.

DVB

Digital Video Broadcasting. The technology used to broadcast digital TV programmes, via cable (DVB-C), satellite (DVB-S) or terrestrial (DVB-T) systems. A product with the DVB logo means it has a built in Digital Video Tuner that allows digital programmes to be received without an additional STB ( set top box).

DVB Digital Video Broadcasting

Built-in digital video tuner meaning digital programmes can be received without an additional set-top box. DVB-T is the standard for receiving digital terrestrial programmes, DVB-C is the standard for receiving digital cable programmes.

DVB-S

Digital Video Broadcasting – Satellite. Is the name given to the European standard for digital broadcast transmission via satellite.

DVB-T

Digital Video Broadcasting – Terrestrial. Is the name given to the European standard for digital broadcasts picked up by a normal aerial. In the UK, many people use the name Freeview to mean DVB-T.

DVB-T2

DVB-T stands for Digital Video Broadcasting – Second Generation Terrestrial. It is a development of DVB-T and allows Digital HD broadcasts to be picked up via a normal TV aerial. Many people use the name Freeview HD to mean DVB-T2.

DVD-/HDD-RECORDER

Recorders which save digital data onto recordable DVDs or hard disks.

DVI

Digital Visual Interface is an interface for delivering uncompressed digital video signals.

DVI-D, DVI-I

Some TV sets have the digital interface "digital visual interface". If the device supports the copying process HDCP, the DVI connector can be used as replacement for HDMI. The variant DVI-D (digital) accepts digital video signals, DVI-I (Integrated) accepts digital and analogue video signals.

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E

Eco Control Button

This special button on the AQUOS remote control enables users to activate the ecological features of AQUOS LCD TVs directly, thereby actively saving energy.

Eco Flower

Sharp LCD TVs with the EU Eco-label Flower represent high energy efficiency and recycling-friendly design.

Eco Mode

This special TV mode enables users to reduce the power of the TV backlight by 15% to 20% in two discrete stages. As an extra convenience that is so far unique to AQUOS LCD TVs, this energy-saving function can also be activated directly using the Eco-Control Button on the AQUOS remote control.

Energy consumption per year (kWh)

based on the power consumption of the television operating 4 hours per day for 365 days.

Energy efficiency class

Energy efficiency category on a scale from A+++ (highest efficiency) to G (lowest efficiency):

Energy Efficiency Label

Certain large domestic appliances are obliged to display this energy consumption label. The label provides information on how energy-efficient the device is in operation. Previously, the use of this label has been confined to white goods. As from the start of 2010, consumer electronics products will also display this notice specifying their power consumption characteristics.

EPG

Electronic Programme Guide which is available on the television screen which allows for recordings to be programmed as well. The information is broadcasted via data channel with a satellite, cable or terrestrial TV-channels.

Ethernet

Ethernet is a standard communications protocol intended for building a local area network (LAN).

EU Eco Label

The eco-flower, the coveted European eco-label, is recognized as an important seal of approval for the environmental performance of LCD TVs. Back in 2005, Sharp was the first company to be awarded this eco-label for its televisions. Since 1 November 2009, new stricter criteria apply to this European Union environment label. Sharp is again one of the first TV manufacturers to be awarded the eco-label immediately on entry into force of the new rules, for its current AQUOS LE700E and LE600E series.

Euro Flower

The Euro Flower is awarded by the EU Commission. The logo is recognised all over Europe to certify environmentally-friendly and energy-saving features and covers a wide range of product groups.Sharp was the first consumer electronics manufacturer to be awarded the Euro Flower for LCD TVs.

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F

Film dejudder

Sharp's Film Dejudder technology ensures film images flow more smoothly as they're shown at the correct frames per second.

FILM-MODE

Is a setting on some TVs for the playing of movies. Most motion pictures on DVD/Blu-ray are shot in 24 frames per second. This setting gives you the option of showing the 24 frames per second properly without any additional processing that can introduce jerkiness and artefacts.

Fine motion advanced

A setting on some TVs that provides a superior digital display picture by removing motion blur.

FIREWIRE

Also known as i-link (four pin) or DV (six pin). A two-way connection to transfer MPEG-compressed digital bitstreams between consumer electronics items.

Firmware

Firmware is the term used to describe the software that's embedded in a piece of equipment, for example the software on your TV or Blu-ray player.

Flash memory

Flash memory is a non-volatile computer storage technology that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed. It is primarily used in memory cards, USB flash drives, and solid-state drives for general storage and transfer of data between computers and other digital products.

For wine storage appliance

This appliance is intended to be used exclusively for the storage of wine

Freeview

See DVB-T

Freeview HD

See DVB-T2

Freezer storage volume 1/ star rating (L/ stars)

1-star compartment: a frozen-food storage compartment in which the temperature is not warmer than -6°C.

2-star compartment: a frozen-food storage compartment in which the temperature is not warmer than -12°C.

3-star compartment: a frozen-food storage compartment in which the temperature is not warmer than -18°C.

4-star compartment: a compartment suitable for freezing at least 4,5 kg of foodstuffs per 100 l of storage volume, and in no case less than 2 kg, from ambient temperature down to -18°C over a period of 24 hours, which is also suitable for the storage of frozen food under three-star storage conditons, and may include two-star sections within the compartment.

Freezer storage volume 2/ star rating (L/ stars)

1-star compartment: a frozen-food storage compartment in which the temperature is not warmer than -6°C.

2-star compartment: a frozen-food storage compartment in which the temperature is not warmer than -12°C.

3-star compartment: a frozen-food storage compartment in which the temperature is not warmer than -18°C.

4-star compartment: a compartment suitable for freezing at least 4,5 kg of foodstuffs per 100 l of storage volume, and in no case less than 2 kg, from ambient temperature down to -18°C over a period of 24 hours, which is also suitable for the storage of frozen food under three-star storage conditons, and may include two-star sections within the compartment.

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G

Game mode

A setting on some TVs for the playing of video games.It reduces the amount of processing involved in producing the image on the screen , so screen lag time is reduced to provide a better response.

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H

HD Compatible

The term HD compatible has been used in Europe along with the term HD ready to market display devices. However unlike the term HD ready, which has official requirements set by EICTA (European Information, Communications and Consumer Electronics Technology Industry Associations), the term "HD compatible" can basically mean a lot of different things. Typically, the term "HD compatible" indicates an LCD TV capable of taking an HDTV-signal which has a horizontal screen resolution less than 720 lines.

HD Ready 1080P

Describes display devices - including integrated digital TVs, monitors and projectors - that can in addition to 720p and 1080i also accept, process and display High Definition 1080p signals. Display devices bearing the ”HD ready 1080p” logo feature a 1920 x 1080 screen resolution. To enjoy HDTV broadcasts, these devices will need to be used in conjunction with an “HD TV” device that can receive and decode the signals. Do not confuse with HD TV 1080p which describes TVs that incorporate a Freeview HD tuner.

HD TV 1080P

Describes “HD ready 1080p” display devices that can also receive and decode HD (720p, 1080i) Satellite, Cable or Terrestrial broadcast transmissions. Display devices bearing the ”HD TV 1080p” logo feature a 1920 x 1080 screen resolution.

HD-READY

Describes display devices - including integrated digital TVs, monitors and projectors - that can accept, process and display High Definition 720p and 1080i signals. To enjoy HDTV broadcasts, these devices will need to be used in conjunction with an “HD TV” device that can receive and decode the signals.Do not confuse with HDTV 1080p which means the TV incorporates Freeview HD.

HDCP

High Definition Content Protocol. HDCP is a copy protection scheme to eliminate the possibility of capturing content sent digitally from the source to the display, and is supported by HDMI and several DVI input jacks.

HDD

Hard disk drive. A device that uses a computer hard drive to store compressed digital audio and video signals.

HDMI

High Definition Multimedia Interface.Basically DVI plus sound, hence multimedia. It is an uncompressed, all digital interface that supports audio/video sources such as STB's, PVRs and Blu ray players. HDMI jacks identify and decode the high bandwidth digital content protection (HDCP),

HDTV

Describes television receivers, including set-top boxes and integrated digital TVs - that can receive and decode HD (720p, 1080i) satellite, cable or terrestrial broadcast transmissions. HDTVs produce pictures at a much greater resolution than that of standard definition TV (SDTV), the result is a much clearer and deeper image.

Home ( Mode)

Most Sharp TVs require you to select Home or Store at the installation stage. Home is designed for a home environment and so any AV settings you select will be retained. In contrast, Store is designed for TVs displayed in store and so regardless of any AV settings selected , after a period of time the TV will automatically default to the "Dynamic" AV mode which is best suited for a shop environment.

HOSIDEN

Four-polar mini round jack which is used for s-video and Y/C signals.

Household refrigerating appliance category

Household refrigerating appliance classification:
1 = Refrigerator with one or more fresh food storage compartment
2 = Refrigerator-cellar, cellar and wine storage appliance
3 = Refrigerator-chiller and refrigerator with 0-Star compartment
4 = Refrigerator with one-star compartment
5 = Refrigerator with two-star compartment
6 = Refrigerator with three-star compartment
7 = Refrigerator-freezer
8 = Upright freezer
9 = Chest freezer
10 = Multi-use and other refrigerating appliances

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I

I-LINK

A high speed connection used to link pieces of digital video equipment to each other. "FireWire" is the name used by Apple Corporation and is identical to IEEE1394.

Interlaced scanning

In TV, interlaced scanning is a method for displaying video by ‘painting’ each line of the frame alternatively upon the screen. Interlacing divides the horizontal lines on a TV into odd and even lines and then alternately refreshes them. If a TV uses interlacing this is denoted in its resolution.E.g.. 576i or 1080i.

Ion density (high/ low) ions/cm3

Approximate number of ions as measured from a point near the center of a space of the applicable volume (0,5 meters from the foor) when operated in the respective operating modes.

Ion density (high/ med/ low) icons/cm3

Ion count per cm3 blown into air at around the center of the room (at height of approx. 1,2 m from the floor) during operation at each airstream setting when the main unit is placed near the wall. The number of ions will vary according to the room conditions and operating mode.

iPod Docking Station

These small stereo systems allow for the connection of Apple iPods and can play back films and music stored on the connected iPod.

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J

JPEG

Joint Photographic Experts Group. This is an universal image compression format used for digital still pictures, graphics, etc, so that they can be easily stored and accessed on the internet or by any compatible digital imaging device.

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L

LCD

A liquid crystal display (LCD) is a thin, flat electronic visual display that uses the light modulating properties of liquid crystals (LCs). LCs do not emit light directly so require an external lighting mechanism to be easily visible.For example a fluorescent lamp or LED backlight.

LED TV

LED TVs are LCD TVs that incorporate LED backlights. These enable precise brightness control and high speed response, thus providing breathtaking picture quality in ultra high contrast. LEDs also provide the industry's lowest power consumption in combination with the X-Gen panel. Moreover, as an LED backlight system contains no Mercury, it is more environmentally friendly than conventional backlight systems. Do not confuse with OLED.

LFE

The low-frequency effect (LFE) channel is the name of an audio channel specifically intended for deep, low-pitched sounds. It is the 1 in 5.1 surround sound.

Local Dimming

Local dimming is a feature that can be used with full-LED backlights. With this technology, the LEDs behind the screen can be controlled individually or in segments. Depending on the picture information, the LEDs can be made brighter or darker in different areas of the screen.

Lower power consumption

Whilst maintaining the screen brightness, current Aquos LED TVs achieve a power reduction of up to 40% when operating compared to conventional LCD TVs.

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M

MBIT/S

Megabits per second. In data transfer the bit rate or data transfer rate is the average number of bits, characters, or blocks per unit time passing between equipment.This is typically measured in multiples of the units bit per second or byte per second.

MEGAPIXEL

A megapixel (MP or Mpx) is 1 million pixels, and is a term used not only for the number of pixels in an image, but also to express the number of image sensor elements of digital cameras or the number of display elements of digital displays. For example a 1080i HDTV signal (1920 x 1080) would be said to have 2.07 megapixels.

Mercury content (mg)

This information is referring to the European Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 for television

MHEG-5

MHEG-5 is a cost-effective, licence-free, efficient, public standard interactive TV middleware that is used to both send and receive interactive TV signals. It allows a wide range of TV-centric iTV services to be deployed. It is used by Freeview and Freesat in the UK

Mother Glass

LCD panels for televisions are manufactured from “mother glasses”. The new Sharp factory in Sakai (Japan) produces “10th generation” mother glasses. These mother glasses measure 2.88 m x 3.13 m and are therefore 60% bigger than their predecessors.

MP3

MPEG-1 Audio Layer 3, or “MP3” is a special file format for saving and reproducing heavily compressed audio signals.

MPEG

Motion Picture Experts Group. A group that sets standards for digital video. MPEG2 is used by most current digital broadcasting systems. MPEG4 is the term often used to refer to MPEG4/AVC, or H.264 video coding, which is the standard that will be used in Europe for HD broadcasts.It is a more efficient standard that can provide better quality pictures in less space.NB there are other variants of MPEG4, such as DiVX.

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N

NTSC

National TV Standards Committee. NTSC, like PAL and SECAM is an analogue encoding standard used in the broadcast of colour television and is the dominant encoding standard in North America. Unlike PAL, it offers 525 lines of resolution of which 480 are visible.

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O

OLED

Organic light emitting diodes. A technology for flatscreen displays which work with organic self-luminous polymers so do not need backlights. Displays should achieve higher efficiency with lower energy consumption than today's LCD screens but are very expensive, so their use may be limited to products with a smaller screen size. Do not confuse with LED TV.

Optical Picture Control (OPC)

Optical Picture Control. Automatically adjusts the backlights according to the ambient lighting in the room to give the viewer a more natural and easy to view image

OSD

On Screen Display. Graphic displays which appear on the TV screen to guide you through the various settings and controls.

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P

PAL

Phase alternating line. PAL is an analogue encoding standard used in the broadcast of colour television.The TV system currently in use in the UK and much of Europe, it offers 625 lines of resolution though only 575 are visible. See Analogue.

PANEL

Term for the flatscreen LCD display component in An LCD TV. See mother glass.

PAP

Picture and picture function allows 2 signal sources to be displayed in parallel on the screen at the same time. For that reason both video frames will be scaled down.

PCI unit life (years/hours)

when operating 8 hours a day

PCM

Pulse Code Modulation. An uncompressed format used to convert sound or analogue information to binary information (0s & 1s). Used on all CDs, DVD-Audio most other digital audio format.

PCMCIA

Personal Computer Memory Card International Association. A PC card adapter enabling the use of any small portable memory devices with various electronic products.

Peak luminance ratio, forced menu (%)

This information is referring to the European Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 for television

Peak luminance ratio, without forced menu (%)

This information is referring to the European Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 for television

Phono

A phono conection is a small round socket with a hole for a central pin. Phono connectors are often used for audio, with the usual colour coding of white or black for left channel and red for right channel. Yellow phono connectors are often used for Composite video. See composite video.

PIP

Picture in picture function allows the picture signal from a second video source (for example another channel ) to be displayed downsized in the main screen.

Pixel

PICture Element. Pixels are the tiny individual blocks of information that make up the screen image.They are made up of blue, red, green and in the case of Quattron TVs, yellow sub-pixels

Pixellation

This terms is used to describe the effect where the picture, or parts of the picture, breaks down into small squares.

Plasmacluster

Plasmacluster technology was developed by the Sharp Corporation in 2000 as an air purification technology.In essence, Plasmacluster works by replicating the properties of pure fresh air, which has a good quantity - and balance - of positive and negative ions. Plasmacluster disables airborne micro organisms that create polluted or diseased air by releasing positive and negative ions. These attack contaminants and kill their bacteria.

Power consumption off mode (W), EN 50564:2011

This information is referring to the European Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 for television

Power consumption off mode (W), IEC 62301 Ed. 1.0

This information is referring to the European Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 for television

Power consumption on-mode (W), EN 62087:2012

This information is referring to the European Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 for television. Due to continuos improvements of our products, the on-mode power consumption in the operation manual can exceed the declared power consumption on the label and on the internet. We ensure the correctness of the most updated values for the label and the internet.

Power consumption on-mode (W), IEC 62087

This information is referring to the European Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 for television

Power consumption on-mode (W), IEC 62087 Ed. 2.0

This information is referring to the European Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 for television. Due to continuos improvements of our products, the on-mode power consumption in the operation manual can exceed the declared power consumption on the label and on the internet. We ensure the correctness of the most updated values for the label and the internet.

Power consumption stand-by (W), EN 50564:2011

This information is referring to the European Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 for television

Power consumption standby (W), IEC 62301 Ed. 1.0

This information is referring to the European Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 for television

Presence of lead

This information is referring to the European Regulation (EC) No 642/2009 for television

Progressive scanning

In TV, progressive scanning is a method for displaying video by ‘painting’ each line of the frame in sequence on the screen, rather than alternatively as with interlace scanning.As a result the image on the screen is smoother and more detailed. If a TV uses progressive scanning this is denoted in its resolution.E.g.. 1080p.

PVR

Personal Video Recorder, also know as DTR. Essentially, a DTR is an STB ( set top box) that incorporates a hard disk recording system, enabling the user to record, pause and rewind live TV programmes. The user is also able to set the box to record every episode in a series, pause live TV or go back and see the bits they missed.

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Q

Quattron

The Quattron is Sharp's unique 4 primary colour system that integrates an X-Gen panel and an LED Backlight to deliver unprecedented reality in colour graduations for a high-precision picture with low power consumption. It is also known as Quad pixel and RGBY.

Quick Shoot

Sharp Technology which improves LCD pixel response times when viewing fast-moving images, ideal for watching movies, sports or playing fast video games.

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R

Reaction time

The reaction or response time is the time a pixel takes to change its condition. The time is measured in milliseconds.

Region 2

The standard coding for DVD recordings sold in the UK. Discs manufactured for the US market are coded Region 1 so cannot be played on a Region 2 player.

Resolution

Is the display quality as defined by the number of individual dots (pixels) used to create an image. The higher the number of pixels, the higher the image quality.

RF Output

The RF Output is a socket on the back of a digibox which can be used to connect a digibox to a TV or to a VCR.

RGB

Red, green and blue. Most TV pictures are built up using these three primary colours. RGB is also a method of providing a TV picture via SCART (a 21 pin audio visual connector).

RGBY

RGBY describes a new unique technology used in new Aquos Quattron LCD TVs, whereby the three primary colours red, green and blue (RGB) are extended by the addition of yellow (Y). With this expansion, even more intensive rendering of surface colours will be possible in future. See Quattron.

RMS

Root Mean Square. Commonly used when measuring the power output of a Hi-Fi system, the RMS figure gives a realistic indication of the systems power output

RS-232C

Interface for the control of the LCD TV by a PC.

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S

S-VIDEO

An analogue video signal, also known as Y/C, that separates the picture signal into brightness (Y) information and colour information (C).It offers a better picture quality than composite video but not as good as component video.It uses a small Hosiden / DIN (circular) socket with four small holes.

Sakai

Sharp’s “Green Factory” in Sakai, near Osaka in Japan. This factory is the first and most modern 10th generation LCD production plant in the world and covers an area of 1.27 million square metres.

Scanning backlight

Unlike standard backlights, a scanning backlight doesn't stay on all the time. Instead, the light activates when and where it's needed to produce images. By switching on and off very quickly -- hundreds of times per second -- the light can reduce blur and improve contrast at the same time.

SCART

The SCART, Euroscart or euro AV jack was for many years the most common method of connecting audio/visual equipment together. However SCART is becoming obsolete with the introduction of new digital standards such HDMI.

screen-size

This refers to the diagonal width of your screen (measured in inches or centimetres) between the top left corner and bottom right corner.

SDTV

Standard Definition Television. Refers to digital transmissions with a 576 line resolution.SDTVs have the basic digital television format closest to traditional analogue TV.

SECAM

Systeme Electronique Couleur Avec Memoire. SECAM is an analogue encoding standard used in the broadcast of colour television.The TV system currently in use in the France it uses 625 lines of resolution.See Analogue.

Series link

A function on a DTR that allows you to program it to record all the episodes of a particular program.

Soundbar

A separate loudspeaker system for TVs. Unlike 2.1 or 5.1 loudspeaker systems, Soundbars integrate all the audio components into one unit, so that they can provide virtual surround-sound from a single device.

STB

Set Top Box. A set top box is a product with an internal digital tuner that takes digital broadcast signals and turns them into images and sound for display on a TV set.

Store (Mode)

Most Sharp TVs require you to select Home or Store at the installation stage. Home is designed for a home environment and so any AV settings you select will be retained. In contrast, Store is designed for TVs displayed in store and so regardless of any AV settings selected , after a period of time the TV will automatically default to the "Dynamic" AV mode which is best suited for a shop environment.

Subwoofer

Special loudspeaker used for reproducing low-frequency “bass” sound waves.

SURROUND

Term for ambient sound. Usually used in respect of multi channel systems which comprise several speakers in front of and behind the listener.

SVGA

Super Video Graphics Array. Resolution using 800 horizontal and 600 vertical pixels.

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T

TFT

Thin Film Transistor.TFT is a variant of liquid crystal display (LCD) which uses thin-film transistor technology to improve image quality

Timeshift

Time shift enables pausing and background recording of a programme while you are away from the TV so that you never miss a scene.

TopUp TV

Top Up TV is a subscription-based digital TV service. It provides access to the full range of Freeview channels, as well as a selection of on-demand content from digital channels.

truD-HD

New chip/ engine available on top of the range Sharp LCD TV's which smoothes out video images, reducing flickering and picture noises and also enhances contrast and sharpness to provide a truly high quality picture.

Tweeter

Part of a loudspeaker or a separate speaker that reproduces treble sounds.

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U

UHF

Ultra High Frequency - The range used by TV channels 14 through 69.Each analogue channel uses one UHF channel, as does each digital TV multiplex. The same multiplex will use different UHF channels in different parts of the country, to make sure there's no interference. On digital TV, you only need to use the UHF channel number when you manually tune in your receiver to add extra channels.

Upscaling

DVD technology that converts the 480p signal on standard DVD videos to 720p or 1080i signals for optimum quality display on High Definition screens.

USB

Universal Serial Bus. Is a system for transferring data. A USB port on an LCD TV or computer connects the TV or computer to external devices such as DTRs or memory sticks.

USB Timeshift

Time shift provided by means of an external USB device enables pausing and background recording of a programme while you are away from the TV so that you never miss a scene.

UV²A Technology

With this technology, liquid crystals contained in modern LCD panels can be aligned extremely precisely with the aid of UV light.This eliminates the light leakage from the backlight almost completely, making it possible to display extremely deep blacks. It also enables higher aperture ratios in the LCD panel increasing the light transmission by more than 20 percent for a more efficient use of light from the backlight, thereby saving energy whilst still displaying bright, vivid colours.

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V

VESA Compatible

Video Electronics Standard Association. The standard sizing of fittings for TV wall brackets.

VHF

Very High Frequency.Used to be sued to broadcast TV signals in the UK.VHF band III is now used in the UK for digital audio broadcasting.

VIDEO-/FILM-MODE

Is a setting on some TVs for the playing of movies. Most motion pictures on DVD/Blu-ray are shot in 24 frames per second. This setting gives you the option of showing the 24 frames per second properly without any additional processing that can introduce jerkiness and artefacts.

View angle

The angle measured in degrees that the picture can be viewed off-centre and still be seen without any loss of quality.Most modern LCDs permit a very high viewing angle.

VIRTUAL DOLBY SURROUND

Ambient sound system, which uses simulated multi-channel sound.TVs with virtual Surround play back the ambient sound with their integrated stereo speakers.

Visible diagonal screen size

This refers to the diagonal width of your screen (measured in inches or centimetres) between the top left corner and bottom right corner.

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W

Widescreen

A TV with a screen resolution of 16:9

WIFI

Wireless fidelity. Is a set of technology standards used by product /device manufacturers to enable wireless devices to communicate with each other without the need for a physical connection.

WMA

Windows Media Player is a compressed audio format which offers sounds as good as MP3 but at half the bit rate and half the file size

WMV

Windows Media Video is a compressed video compression format for several proprietary codecs developed by Microsoft. The original video format was originally designed for Internet streaming applications, has gained adoption for physical delivery formats such as Blu-ray Discs.

WSS

Wide Screen Signalling. A signal may contain extra Wide Screen Signalling information which includes the aspect ratio of the program. 16:9 TVs use this information to display the program in the correct aspect ratio

WXGA

Defines a class of XGA displays with a width resolution sufficient to create an aspect ratio of 16:9. A WXGA display has 1366 to 1280 horizontal pixels and 768 to 720 vertical pixels

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X

X-gen Panel

The X-gen LCD panel has a wider aperture so allows more light to pass through it, thus providing higher brightness and more luminosity.

XGA

EXtended Graphics Array. Specific display resolution using 1024 horizontal pixels and 768 vertical pixels

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Y

Y/C

Other name for S-video. An analogue video signal that separates the picture signal into brightness (Y) information and colour information (C).It offers a better picture quality than composite video but not as good as component video.It uses a small Hosiden / DIN (circular) socket with four small holes.

YUV-socket

Refers to the transfer of a video signal via three lines, whereby the brightness (Y) and two so called colour difference signals (U and V) are transferred.

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